Cowpens

The Battle of Cowpens is probably the best known Revolutionary War event to the residents of the Pacolet and Spartanburg area. It was a very important American victory against overwhelming odds. Cowpens Battlefield is about 16 miles from our bridge at Trough Shoals.

 The battle was not fought in or even very close to the present town of Cowpens. The Battleground is about 9 miles northwest of the town. The town of Chesnee is much closer to the site of the battle and is less than three miles away. The actual town location of Cowpens dates back to about 1873 when the Atlanta and Charlotte Airline Railway was built through the area. A stop and depot on the railroad was named in honor of the famous battle even though it was quite a distance away.

 The American General Daniel Morgan did all he could do to get away from the British army under Tarleton. As we have seen at Easterwood and Grindal Shoals, the British army was just moving too fast for Morgan to get away.

 Morgan realized that Tarleton was going to catch him. He decided to stop and fight him at a place of his own choosing rather than to let Tarleton catch his army as it was crossing the Broad River only five miles away.

 He chose a place on the Green River Road, called Hannah’s Cowpens to make his stand. This was an area used for grazing and penning cattle before they were herded off to be sold. It got its name from a former owner, Hannah. At the time of the battle, it was owned by a Tory, Hiram Saunders. The location of the site is in the north western portion of present Cherokee County and is about 5 miles south of the South Carolina-North Carolina state line.

 Another reason to choose the site was that Morgan hoped that he would be joined by more militia from both North and South Carolina. He needed a place that was recognized for them to assemble.  The Cowpens was a well known location because the Overmountain men and militia had camped here in October of 1780 on the night before the Battle of Kings Mountain.

Morgan planned a brilliant strategy for the battle that is still studied in Military Schools to this day. The battle was fought in the early morning on January 17, 1781 and barely lasted an hour. It was a complete Patriot victory over the British army. The Patriot forces under General Morgan crushed and destroyed the British army. It contributed to the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia ten months later.

Read the full details at The Battle of Cowpens.

RETRACE THE STEPS OF HISTORY!!
You can now walk in the footsteps of the American General, Daniel Morgan, on the way to the Battle of Cowpens. The annual march re-enactment takes place every January. You must pre-register with the Town of Pacolet. For more details about the march re-enactment, photos from past events and how to register, click on the following link:
  Morgan's March Re-enactment


 

The Monument at Cowpens

 

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This web site has been started as a public service to share the story of Pacolet. The web master and person to contact about putting information on the web site is me, Gerald Teaster.  Contact me at:
gteaster@pacoletmemories.com or by telephone at (843) 873-8117.  My regular mail adress is:
1311 Jahnz Ave.
Summerville, SC 29485

See more information about my Pacolet connection at Gerald Teaster.